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GRADES & GOOD ARRIVAL

Generally speaking, the percentage of defects shown on a timely government inspection certificate should not exceed the percentage of allowable defects, provided: (1) transportation conditions were normal; (2) the USDA or CFIA inspection was timely; and (3) the entire lot was inspected.

FRESH TOMATOES & CHERRY
U.S. Grade Standards

Days Since
Shipment

% of Defects Allowed

Optimum
Transit Temp. (°F)
15-[10 SDA]
[10 other]
[5 VSD]-5
5
4
3
2
1
20-[15 SDA] [15 other] [8 VSD]-8
19-[14 SDA] [14 other] [8 VSD]-8
18-[13 SDA] [13 other] [7 VSD]-7
17-[11 SDA] [11 other] [6 VSD]-6
15-[10 SDA] [10 other] [5 VSD]-5
46-50° (pink)
55-70° (green)
TOMATOES-ON-THE-VINE
U.S. Grade Standards

Days Since
Shipment

% of Defects Allowed
 

 

10-5-2 5
4
3
2
1
15-8-4
14-8-4
13-7-3
11-6-2
10-5-2

Canadian good arrival guidelines for fresh or cherry tomatoes (unless otherwise noted) are broken down into five parts as follows: maximum percentage of defects, maximum percentage of permanent defects, maximum percentage for any single permanent defect, maximum percentage for any single condition defect, and maximum for decay. Canadian destination guidelines are 15-10-5-10-5. There are no good arrival guidelines for tomatoes-on-the-vine.

INSPECTOR’S INSIGHTS

• Tomatoes marked as “5×6” (five rows of six tomatoes in two layers within a box) have a minimum diameter of 2.78 inches and no maximum; “Extra Large” tomatoes also have a minimum diameter of 2.75 inches but no maximum
• ‘Catfaces’ are misshapen or puckered blossom ends and involve the imperfect development of certain areas which, at maturity, are represented by an irregular, leathery scar (score as damage when the scars are rough or deep, channels are very deep or wide, or extend into a locule, or a fairly smooth catface aggregating a circle more than half an inch in diameter)
• Moldy stems or calyxes are considered objectionable when materially detracting from appearance and shall be scored as a defect, not as decay; slight amounts of mold affecting the tips of the stem or edges of the calyx shall be disregarded.

Source: Tom Yawman, International Produce Training, www.ipt.us.com.

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