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Warm Pulp Temperatures

Warm pulp temperatures upon arrival at destination.
Dock to Dock

In our view, and especially considering the relatively short trip in this case, the warm pulp temperatures at destination, without additional support, are not sufficient to prove the carrier failed to properly maintain transit temperatures in breach of the contract of carriage.

Furthermore, even if a breach could be established—given the inspection certificate shows the fruit was in very good condition—it is not clear that the fruit was appreciably harmed in transit. Any damages claimed must be reasonable considering the condition of the fruit received.

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Marco Campos is a claims analyst for Blue Book Services’ Trading Assistance team. He can be reached at