Inflation pressure continues to weaken, according to the latest government figures.
The Labor Department reports the Consumer Price Index rose 0.2 percent in July over June, the same amount posted in June. Overall inflation was 3.2 percent in July over July 2022, which was up from 3 percent in June over last June.
Food was 4.9 percent higher this July than last July, with food-at-home posting 3.6 percent annual increase and food-away-from-home rising 7.1 percent in July over last July.
Total fruits and vegetables were up 2.9 percent in July over a year ago and up 0.3 percent in July over June, with fresh up just 1.2 percent over year ago. Total fresh fruit was up 0.4 percent over year ago, while fresh vegetables wre up 2.1 percent over a year ago.
Canned fruits and vegetables remained much higher at 7.0 percent above a year ago, while frozen fruits and vegetables were up 11.8 percent over a year ago.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics released this monthly report August 10, 2023:
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – JULY 2023
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.2 percent in July on a seasonally adjusted basis, the same increase as in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 3.2 percent before seasonal adjustment.
The index for shelter was by far the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase, accounting for over 90 percent of the increase, with the index for motor vehicle insurance also contributing. The food index increased 0.2 percent in July after increasing 0.1 percent the previous month. The index for food at home increased 0.3 percent over the month while the index for food away from home rose 0.2 percent in July. The energy index rose 0.1 percent in July as the major energy component indexes were mixed.
The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in July, as it did in June. Indexes which increased in June include shelter, motor vehicle insurance, education, and recreation. The indexes for airline fares, used cars and trucks, medical care, and communication were among those that decreased over the month.
The all items index increased 3.2 percent for the 12 months ending July, slightly more than the 3.0-percent increase for the 12 months ending in June. The all items less food and energy index rose 4.7 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index decreased 12.5 percent for the 12 months ending July, and the food index increased 4.9 percent over the last year.
The food index rose 0.2 percent in July. The food at home index increased 0.3 percent over the month, after being unchanged in June. Four of the six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the month. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.5 percent in July as the index for beef increased 2.4 percent. The fruits and vegetables index increased 0.4 percent over the month and the other food at home index rose 0.2 percent. The index for dairy and related products increased 0.5 percent in July after decreasing in each of the previous 4 months. The nonalcoholic beverages index and the cereals and bakery products index were both unchanged in July.
The food away from home index rose 0.2 percent in July. The index for full service meals and the index for limited service meals both increased 0.2 percent over the month.
The food at home index rose 3.6 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery products rose 7.0 percent over the 12 months ending in July. The meats, poultry, fish, and eggs index declined 0.2 percent over the year. The remaining major grocery store food groups posted increases ranging from 1.3 percent (dairy and related products) to 5.4 percent (both nonalcoholic beverages and other food at home).
The index for food away from home rose 7.1 percent over the last year. The index for full service meals rose 5.8 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for limited service meals rose 7.1 percent over the same period.
The energy index rose 0.1 percent in July after increasing 0.6 percent in June. The gasoline index increased 0.2 percent in July, following a 1.0-percent increase in the previous month. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 0.6 percent in July.)
Other energy components were mixed in July. The natural gas index increased 2.0 percent over the month, following five consecutive monthly decreases. The index for fuel oil also rose in July, increasing 3.0 percent. The index for electricity fell 0.7 percent in July, after increasing 0.9 percent in June.
The energy index fell 12.5 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index decreased 19.9 percent over the last 12 months, while the natural gas index fell 13.7 percent, and the fuel oil index fell 26.5 percent over the span. In contrast, the index for electricity rose 3.0 percent over the last year.