The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics released this monthly report June 13, 2023:
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – MAY 2023
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.1 percent in May on a seasonally adjusted basis, after increasing 0.4 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 4.0 percent before seasonal adjustment.
The index for shelter was the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase, followed by an increase in the index for used cars and trucks. The food index increased 0.2 percent in May after being unchanged in the previous 2 months. The index for food at home rose 0.1 percent over the month while the index for food away from home rose 0.5 percent. The energy index, in contrast, declined 3.6 percent in May as the major energy component indexes fell.
The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in May, as it did in April and March. Indexes which increased in May include shelter, used cars and trucks, motor vehicle insurance, apparel, and personal care. The index for household furnishings and operations and the index for airline fares were among those that decreased over the month.
The all items index increased 4.0 percent for the 12 months ending May; this was the smallest 12-month increase since the period ending March 2021. The all items less food and energy index rose 5.3 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index decreased 11.7 percent for the 12 months ending May, and the food index increased 6.7 percent over the last year.
The food index rose 0.2 percent in May. The food at home index increased 0.1 percent over the month, following a 0.2-percent decrease in April. Three of the six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the month. The index for fruits and vegetables increased 1.3 percent in May, following a 0.5-percent decrease in April. The other food at home index rose 0.4 percent over the month, and the nonalcoholic beverages index increased 0.7 percent.
The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs decreased 1.2 percent in May, as the index for eggs fell 13.8 percent, the largest decrease in that index since January 1951. The dairy and related products index declined 1.1 percent over the month, and the cereals and bakery products index was unchanged in May.
The food away from home index rose 0.5 percent in May. The index for full service meals increased 0.4 percent over the month and the index for limited service meals increased 0.5 percent.
The food at home index rose 5.8 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery products rose 10.7 percent over the 12 months ending in May. The remaining major grocery store food groups posted increases ranging from 0.3 percent (meats, poultry, fish, and eggs) to 9.2 percent (other food at home).
The index for food away from home rose 8.3 percent over the last year. The index for full service meals rose 6.8 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for limited service meals rose 8.0 percent over the same period.
The energy index fell 3.6 percent in May after rising 0.6 percent in April. The gasoline index decreased 5.6 percent in May, following a 3.0-percent increase in the previous month. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 1.4 percent in May.)
Other energy components also declined. The natural gas index decreased 2.6 percent over the month, the fourth consecutive decrease in that index. The index for electricity decreased 1.0 percent in May, after falling 0.7 percent in both April and March. The fuel oil index also declined in May, down 7.7 percent.
The energy index fell 11.7 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index decreased 19.7 percent over the last 12 months, while the natural gas index fell 11.0 percent, and the fuel oil index fell 37.0 percent over the span. In contrast, the index for electricity rose 5.9 percent over the last year.
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