CULTIVATION, STORAGE & PACKAGING

Containers
• 10 lb. carton (snow or snap)
• 30 lb. crate/bushel hamper (green pea)

Storage & Handling
Green peas:
• 32 to 34°F (0 to 2°C)
• 90 to 98% relative humidity
• Sensitive to ethylene and ice
• Sensitive to chilling and freezing injury
• May be stored 7 to 10 days

Snow and snap peas:
• 33 to 35°F (0.6 to 1.7°C)
• 50% relative humidity
• Moderately sensitive to ethylene
• Sensitive to water, ice, and freezing injury
• May be stored 7 to 10 days

GOOD ARRIVAL GUIDELINES

Generally speaking, the percentage of defects shown on a timely government inspection certificate should not exceed the percentage of allowable defects, provided: (1) transportation conditions were normal; (2) the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) or Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) inspection was timely; and (3) the entire lot was inspected.

U.S. Grade Standards Days Since Shipment % of Defects Allowed Optimum Transit Temp. (°F)
10-5-1 5
4
3
2
1
15-8-3
14-8-3
13-7-2
11-6-1
10-5-1
32

There are no good arrival guidelines for this commodity specific to Canada; U.S. guidelines apply to shipments unless otherwise agreed by contract.

References: DRC, PACA, USDA.

WEEKLY MOVEMENT & PRICES, USA

Weekly Movements and Prices, USA

Source: Chart by Gallo Torrez Agricultural Price Trends (GTAPT), mgallo@markfinstrat.com, compiled from USDA data.

GRADES & QUALITY NOTES

Green & Snap
• U.S. No. 1
• U.S. Fancy
• 10% total defects, not more than 5% serious damage, 1% decay
• No established grades for snow peas.
• All peas should be harvested before maturity through multiple pickings: for green and snap peas before seeds are bulging within pods (sugar content will get starchy with age); for snow peas, the pods should still be flat without visible seed development.
• All peas should have a bright green coloring (no yellowing), be firm to the touch, and free from defects, blemishes, or damage.

References: Peas.com; Purdue University Center for New Crops & Plant Products, UC Davis Postharvest Technology Center, University of Illinois Extension Service; USDA.

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