GOOD ARRIVAL GUIDELINES
Generally speaking, the percentage of defects shown on a timely government inspection certificate should not exceed the percentage of allowable defects, provided: (1) transportation conditions were normal; (2) the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) or Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) inspection was timely; and (3) the entire lot was inspected. Note that the percentage of allowable defects increases based on the number of days in transit, with five days for coast-to-coast transport by motor carrier considered normal.
|U.S. Grade Standards||Days Since Shipment||% of Defects Allowed||Optimum Transit Temp. (°F)|
There are no good arrival guidelines for this commodity specific to Canada; U.S. guidelines apply to shipments unless otherwise agreed by contract.
References: DRC, PACA, USDA.
WEEKLY MOVEMENT & PRICES, USA
Source: Chart by Gallo Torrez Agricultural Price Trends (GTAPT), email@example.com, compiled from USDA data.
The following defects are unique to lemons only:
• Any amount of mold from a decayed lemon affecting a sound lemon is scored as a defect, serious damage by contact spot
• Lemons are prone to an internal defect and decline, usually found starting at the stylar end; any amount is scored as a serious damage defect
• Peteca is a deep, sharply defined pitting or sinking of the surface of the rind and is scored as a defect when more than two spots, or aggregating more than 1/4-inch in diameter.
Source: Tom Yawman, International Produce Training, www.ipt.us.com.