GOOD ARRIVAL GUIDELINES

Generally speaking, the percentage of defects shown on a timely government inspection certificate should not exceed the percentage of allowable defects, provided: (1) transportation conditions were normal; (2) the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) or Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) inspection was timely; and (3) the entire lot was inspected. Note that the percentage of allowable defects increases based on the number of days in transit, with five days for coast-to-coast transport by motor carrier considered normal.

U.S. Grade Standards Days Since Shipment % of Defects Allowed Optimum Transit Temp. (°F)
12-7-3 5
4
3
2
1
15-8-5
15-8-5
14-8-4
13-7-4
12-7-3
45-55

There are no good arrival guidelines for this commodity specific to Canada; U.S. guidelines apply to shipments unless otherwise agreed by contract.

References: DRC, PACA, USDA.

WEEKLY MOVEMENT & PRICES, USA

Weekly Movements and Prices, USA

Source: Chart by Gallo Torrez Agricultural Price Trends (GTAPT), mgallo@markfinstrat.com, compiled from USDA data.

INSPECTOR’S INSIGHTS

The following defects are unique to lemons only:
• Any amount of mold from a decayed lemon affecting a sound lemon is scored as a defect, serious damage by contact spot
• Lemons are prone to an internal defect and decline, usually found starting at the stylar end; any amount is scored as a serious damage defect
Peteca is a deep, sharply defined pitting or sinking of the surface of the rind and is scored as a defect when more than two spots, or aggregating more than 1/4-inch in diameter.

Source: Tom Yawman, International Produce Training, www.ipt.us.com.

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