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GRADES & GOOD ARRIVAL

Generally speaking, the percentage of defects shown on a timely government inspection certificate should not exceed the percentage of allowable defects, provided: (1) transportation conditions were normal; (2) the USDA or CFIA inspection was timely; and (3) the entire lot was inspected.

U.S. Grade Standards Days Since Shipment % of Defects Allowed Optimum Transit Temp. (°F)
12-6-2 5
4
3
2
1
15-8-3
14-8-3
13-7-2
13-6-2
12-6-2
32°

There are no good arrival guidelines for this commodity specific to Canada; U.S. guidelines apply to shipments unless otherwise agreed by contract.

References: DRC, PACA, USDA.

INSPECTOR’S INSIGHTS

• Bruising is scored as a defect, against the U.S. No.1 grade when it causes a slight discoloration and exceeds an area of 3/8-inch in diameter; or if the bruise causes an indentation or discoloration of the flesh deeper than 1/8 inch
• If the fruit is in storage, moisture may evaporate, leading to shriveling—shriveling found on shoulders or at the stem end is scored as a defect against the U.S. No.1 grade when it exceeds an area of 10% of the surface; shriveling is always scored against the tolerance for serious damage
• Kiwifruit is one of the few commodities with a maturity requirement for the U.S. No.1 grade; soluble solids taken from 15 randomly selected fruit must meet a minimum of 6.5% brix.

Source: Tom Yawman, International Produce Training, www.ipt.us.com.

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