GRADES & GOOD ARRIVAL
Generally speaking, the percentage of defects shown on a timely government inspection certificate should not exceed the percentage of allowable defects, provided: (1) transportation conditions were normal; (2) the USDA or CFIA inspection was timely; and (3) the entire lot was inspected.
|U.S. Grade Standards||Days Since Shipment||% of Defects Allowed||Optimum Transit Temp. (°F)|
There are no good arrival guidelines for garlic specific to Canada; U.S. guidelines apply.
References: DRC, PACA, USDA.
• Poorly sheathed garlic is scored as a defect when bulbs are not fairly well enclosed; when over 10% of the blub surface is exposed, it should be scored as poorly sheathed
• Sprouting is scored as a defect when any sprout is visible at the tip of any clove even though it is not visible through the sheath; cloves showing internal growths that have not broken through are not to be scored as a defect
• Waxy breakdown appears as light yellow areas in the flesh of the clove and progresses in storage to the stage where the clove shows a deep yellow or amber color throughout and is somewhat translucent and sticky or waxy to the touch; unless waxy breakdown is in advanced stages, one must cut the garlic bulb in half to detect its presence—score as a defect, as damage, when bulbs are showing more than 10% of cloves affected.
Source: Tom Yawman, International Produce Training, www.ipt.us.com.