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GRADES & GOOD ARRIVAL

Generally speaking, the percentage of defects shown on a timely government inspection certificate should not exceed the percentage of allowable defects, provided: (1) transportation conditions were normal; (2) the USDA or CFIA inspection was timely; and (3) the entire lot was inspected.

U.S. Grade Standards Days Since Shipment % of Defects Allowed Optimum Transit Temp. (°F)
10-2 5
4
3
2
1
15-4
14-4
13-3
11-2
10-2
32-34°

There are no good arrival guidelines for garlic specific to Canada; U.S. guidelines apply.

References: DRC, PACA, USDA.

INSPECTOR’S INSIGHTS

• Poorly sheathed garlic is scored as a defect when bulbs are not fairly well enclosed; when over 10% of the blub surface is exposed, it should be scored as poorly sheathed
• Sprouting is scored as a defect when any sprout is visible at the tip of any clove even though it is not visible through the sheath; cloves showing internal growths that have not broken through are not to be scored as a defect
• Waxy breakdown appears as light yellow areas in the flesh of the clove and progresses in storage to the stage where the clove shows a deep yellow or amber color throughout and is somewhat translucent and sticky or waxy to the touch; unless waxy breakdown is in advanced stages, one must cut the garlic bulb in half to detect its presence—score as a defect, as damage, when bulbs are showing more than 10% of cloves affected.

Source: Tom Yawman, International Produce Training, www.ipt.us.com.

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This information is for your personal, noncommercial use only.