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GRADES & GOOD ARRIVAL

Generally speaking, the percentage of defects shown on a timely government inspection certificate should not exceed the percentage of allowable defects, provided: (1) transportation conditions were normal; (2) the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) or Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) inspection was timely; and (3) the entire lot was inspected.

U.S. Grade Standards Days Since Shipment % of Defects Allowed Optimum Transit Temp. (°F)
10-1 5
4
3
2
1
15-3
14-3
13-2
11-1
10-1
50-55°

Canadian good arrival guidelines (unless otherwise noted) are broken down into five parts as follows: maximum percentage of defects, maximum percentage of permanent defects, maximum percentage for any single permanent defect, maximum percentage for any single condition defect, and maximum for decay. Canadian destination guidelines are 15-10-5-10-3.

References: DRC, PACA, USDA.

INSPECTOR’S INSIGHTS

• Unless otherwise specified, the maximum diameter of a cucumber must not exceed 2.375 inches
• Sunken areas are scored as a defect when more than .0375 inches in diameter
• Open spaces (hollow areas) are scored as damage when numbering 3 or more, each exceeding .5 inches, or when the tissue is discolored, moldy, or dehydrated
• Most cucumbers are waxed for better appearance, which can help prevent shriveling due to moisture loss;
excessive wax, if obviously visible, is scored as an appearance defect.

Source: Tom Yawman, International Produce Training, www.ipt.us.com.

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This information is for your personal, noncommercial use only.